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What is the HIV prevention planning and programming cycle?

A number of national-level actions are needed to develop and implement a successful intensified HIV prevention strategy; these are presented graphically in the HIV Integrated Programming Cycle, also known as the HIV Prevention Planning Cycle.

Critical steps in planning for success include:

Gather, synthesize, and analyse the most recent information on HIV epidemiological and behaviorural surveillance; the social, economic, and cultural context; and the barriers and opportunities for HIV prevention.

Address whether the current HIV prevention response is adequate regarding scope, scale, intensity, locally appropriate, integration and synergies with other programmes, and coordination of different stakeholders.

Develop an overall prevention goal to reduce HIV incidence significantly. Define specific objectives in each country based on an informed assessment. Include a specified time frame and use internationally agreed indicators to measure progress when developing national coverage targets.

Develop a detailed implementation plan for each objective including intermediate results, performance targets, specific strategies, suggested programmes, responsible partners, and timetable for action. Identify the financial, human, and technical resources required to implement the plan.

Harmonize national efforts with one another to maximize their effectiveness. Make the “Three Ones” a reality and ensure full civil society and private sector involvement in HIV prevention at country level.

Regularly monitor and evaluate the national HIV prevention plan to track progress. Use international guidance to support national monitoring and evaluation services.

Feed the lessons learned and results from monitoring and evaluation into understanding your epidemic and analyzing your current response to ensure tha the HIV prevention plan can be adapted accordingly.

Ideally, a dedicated HIV prevention group or task force, reporting to the national AIDS authority, should develop, implement, and review HIV prevention strategies.