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How can I cost my HIV prevention programmes/projects?


Costing prevention activities and prioritizing and allocating sufficient resources for their implementation is a critical component of HIV prevention programming. Even when sufficient resources are available, they are not always optimally used. Within HIV prevention, cost analysis has the potential to help managers at project level decide upon the most appropriate way to deliver a particular strategy. UNAIDS' Costing Guidelines for HIV Prevention Strategies provides guidance on how to do this. 

In order to estimate programme costs it is necessary to:

  • define programme targets (numbers of people expected to access testing and/or related services)
  • estimate start-up and ongoing costs for the site or sites
  • estimate start-up and ongoing costs for all cadres of staff
  • estimate any potential income generated by the programme (e.g. cost-sharing/cost recovery)

The following is a non-exhaustive checklist of costs that may have to be considered when an HIV prevention programme/project is being set up and run:

  • Site
  • Salaries
  • Utilities
  • Furniture, equipment
  • Activities related to a particular HIV prevention service 
  • Administration
  • Transport
  • Monitoring and evaluation, including external evaluation
  • Staff health and safety
  • Training and technical assistance
  • Commodities
  • Consultants
  • Other supplies
  • Advertising
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