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Why Intensify HIV Prevention?

An estimated 33 million people [30.3 - 36.1 million] were living with HIV in 2007. There were 2.7 million [2.2 - 3.2 million] new HIV infections and 2 million [1.8 - 2.3 million] AIDS-related deaths last year.
(Source: Report on the global AIDS epidemic 2008, August 2008)

Although progress in containing the HIV epidemic is being seen in nearly all regions of the world, there are many areas where coverage for essential HIV prevention, treatment, care and support remains too low to have a major impact on the course of the epidemic. 

The AIDS epidemic can only be reversed if effective HIV prevention measures are intensified in scale and scope. HIV prevention and treatment services should be mutually reinforcing.

With the 2006 United Nations political declaration on HIV/AIDS, Governments made the international commitment to improve the response to AIDS, with the ultimate objective of moving towards universal access to comprehensive prevention, treatment, care and support by 2010.

On the basis of UNAIDS’ 2005 Policy position paper on intensifying HIV prevention, a set of practical guidelines for intensifying HIV prevention was developed and disseminated globally. These guidelines give specific advice on the key HIV prevention activities in low-level, concentrated, generalized and hyperendemic epidemic environments. The guidelines also set out the “Why? What? and How?” for prevention actions, addressing 14 key audiences.

Intensifying HIV prevention: a UNAIDS policy position paper energizes and mobilizes an intensification of HIV prevention with the ultimate aim of universal access to HIV prevention and treatment. It was developed through extensive consultation with the UNAIDS Programme Coordinating Board.

UNAIDS Practical Guidelines for Intensifying HIV Prevention: Towards Universal Access provides practical guidance to tailor national HIV prevention responses. It was developed in consultation with the UNAIDS cosponsors, international collaborating partners, governments, civil society leaders, and other experts.

How To Use This Toolkit

Welcome to the UNAIDS HIV Prevention Toolkit! This online HIV Prevention Toolkit was developed for managers at the national and sub-national levels who are managing/implementing HIV prevention programmes/projects and are in the process of intensifying their HIV prevention efforts.
The Toolkit assists you by:

Experience has shown that certain minimum requirements must be considered for HIV prevention programmes/projects to be effective. Click on STRATEGIC INFORMATION, KNOW YOUR EPIDEMIC, TAILOR YOUR RESPONSE, PREVENTION TARGETS, PROVIDE LEADERSHIP or on any of the arrows in the tree graphic to see the minimum requirements for HIV prevention programmes/projects, as well as the additional requirements if you so choose.

Selected resources recommended by independent subject matter specialists are linked to this Toolkit. You can also access these resources through the Search Resources tab on the homepage.

Have you considered the various factors that are relevant to HIV prevention programmes/projects? Use this tool to validate that your approach to decision-making for HIV prevention programmes/project is systematic and comprehensive.

Different HIV epidemic scenarios can exist within a country. Accordingly, in different national and sub-national situations, there are certain policy actions and certain programming activiies that lead to effective HIV prevention programmes/projects.

Two decades of experience have given us lessons learned that can inform your HIV prevention programmes/projects. Use the Search Resources tab to identify lessons learned and to find other types of resources such as “How-to” Manuals and Curricula.

Use the homepage tabs to access the latest HIV News to keep current and stay abreast of important Data & Information on HIV prevention, including a database of HIV prevention consultants. Visit Useful Sites including UNAIDS Technical Support Facilities.

This is the Beta Version of the UNAIDS HIV Prevention Toolkit. Your feedback is eagerly sought to improve this version, in particular your suggestions for additional resources.

Validating Decision-Making

Have you considered the various factors that
are relevant to programming for effective HIV
prevention in your programming?

Use this tool to validate that your approach
to decision-making for HIV prevention programming
is systematic and comprehensive.

This search will identify only resources linked within this Toolkit.

To access resources not linked within this Toolkit, use your preferred search engine.

Prevention Program Area
Keyword(choices depend on Program Area)
Key Audience
Toolkit Module
Resource Type

*To retrieve all possible results, leave the selection criteria blank.